Volume 47, number 1 (February-March 2012)
William Aspray (The University of Texas at Austin)
Editorial: Changes to the Journal (1-3).
Brett Bodemer (California Polytechnic State University)
Rabelais and Saint-Victor’s Revisited (4-17).
The seventh chapter of François Rabelais’ Pantagruel concludes with a list of books attributed to the Abbey of Saint-Victor. The chapter’s brief narrative foregrounds the catalog by touching on aspects of intellectual life in Paris, mentioning both the “great University of Paris” and “the seven liberal arts.” It is not surprising, then, that critics have viewed the catalog as a broad critique of scholasticism. Evidence presented here warrants the addition of a further layer of nuance to this critique, directly related to this Abbey’s contributions to education, reading, textual organization, and library classification.
Blaise Cronin (Indiana University)
Collaboration in Art and in Science: Approaches to Attribution, Authorship, and Acknowledgment (18-37).
What does it mean to author or coauthor a scholarly paper or a painting? What conditions have to be fulfilled for authorship status to be granted? Must every researcher on a massively coauthored, high-energy physics paper have penned at least “n” words to warrant the appellation “coauthor”? Is the touch of the artist necessary for authorship to be granted, or is conceiving and superintending the production of the work sufficient? What kinds and scale of contributions warrant acknowledgment? This paper explores authorship and attribution practices in the sciences and in the world of art.
Patricia Galloway (The University of Texas at Austin)
Playpens for Mind Children: Continuities in the Practice of Programming (38-78).
Like most activities, the practice of computer programming involves real people trying to get their work done, and it has a complicated, if relatively short, history in its modern manifestation. This article addresses some of the early computer science discussions of programming and theories about how it should proceed. It closes with a discussion of the more recent turn to so-called agile methods, demonstrating that some of the problems and practices of computer programming demonstrate a remarkable continuity over forty years in spite of much-promoted new approaches and changes in the computing environment.
Patrick Valentine (East Carolina University)
The Origin of College Libraries in North Carolina: A Social History, 1890–1920 (79-112).
The creation of academic libraries at the end of the nineteenth century was a fundamental element in the rapid growth of higher education in the United States. This was the period when college and university libraries began their transformation from book depositories into centers of information retrieval, access, and dissemination. Academic libraries, however, have seldom been studied on a statewide or regional basis. Using a state as the basis of investigation provides a suitable set of examples for comparative analysis and historical insight. North Carolina is a good illustration of academic library development because it was neither first nor last in this process of transformation. The state also enjoys a wealth of archival materials about academic libraries, which facilitates their examination against a scholarly background of local and national research.
Essays & Notes
Norman Stevens (University of Connecticut - Retired)
The Lambeth Palace Library: England’s First Public Library (113-115).